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Influence of solar radiation data processing on building simulation results

A new set of climatic data for different kinds of calculations has been compiled for various Swiss localities. This includes the generation of new design reference year data sets with hourly values for e.g. building simulations. The procedure conforms to a set of new European standards describing the algorithms. One key element in this is the processing of solar radiation information, especially for the separation into direct and diffuse components. The most advanced methodology was used.

New EPBD related European standards and their relation to building and HVAC system simulation

In reaction to the European Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), existing and newly lanced standard developments by CEN (European Committee for Standardization) were harmonized and synchronized, resulting in a set of about 50 standards addressing different aspects of the EPBD and the implementation of an overall building energy performance calculation method. A few of them address simulation issues: An overview of these is given, focusing on one standard covering system related aspects for buildings with cooling, humidification or dehumidification.

Hydronic radiant floor for heating and cooling coupled with an underground heat exchanger: Modeling approach and results

This paper explores the simulation of the thermal performance of a radiant floor for heating and cooling that is connected with an underground heat exchanger installed under the concrete floor of a house. In the heating season, an electric boiler is used to maintain the operative temperature at the set point value by varying the supply water temperature to the radiant slab. In the cooling season, the water from the radiant floor is circulated through an underground heat exchanger installed under the concrete slab.

Improving the Microclimate in a Dense Urban Area Using Experimental and Theoretical Techniques – The Case of Marousi, Athens

An urban heat island results in higher urban temperatures than the surrounding area and is considered as the most documented phenomenon of climate change. This increase in urban temperature has a serious impact on the energy consumption for cooling and also contributes to higher urban pollution levels. Athens suffers from high summer temperatures that affect the quality of life of citizens. In response to the problem, a major rehabilitation plan was designed and applied, based on the use of advanced mitigation techniques.

Estimation of Cooling Energy Reduction by Utilizing Cross-Ventilation in Detached Houses, within the Japanese newly introduced Energy Regulation - Evaluating Energy Consumption for Different Uses

The reduction of carbon dioxide emission due to energy consumption in the household sector is an urgent task, worldwide. As a measure to respond to the task, a new regulation has just been enforced since April 2009, in Japan. This regulation evaluates the energy performance of detached houses by estimating the primary energy consumption for different uses, namely, heating, cooling, ventilation, domestic hot water and lighting.

NEW EPBD RELATED EUROPEAN STANDARDS AND THEIR RELATION TO BUILDING AND HVAC SYSTEM SIMULATION

In reaction to the European Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), existing and newlylanced standard developments by CEN (European Committee for Standardization) were harmonizedand synchronized, resulting in a set of about 50 standards addressing different aspects of the EPBDand the implementation of an overall building energy performance calculation method. A few of themaddress simulation issues:An overview of these is given, focusing on one standard covering system related aspects for buildingswith cooling, humidification or dehumidification.

SIMULATION OF A NOVEL HEAT PIPE/PCM SYSTEM FOR COOLING OF NATURALLY VENTILATED BUILDINGS

The paper describes the numerical simulation of a novel ventilation cooling system. The ultimate aimof the mathematical model is to facilitate the design of the system for specific buildings and climates.The model directly takes account of time dependency in that the diffusion equation for the heat flow inthe fabric of the room is solved. This approach means that important parameters (e.g. ventilationrates and internal heat gains) can be arbitrarily specified as functions of time.

Increased Energy Efficiency and Improved Comfort

This paper summarises the work of the LowEx co-operation /1/. The aim was to promote rational use ofenergy by encouraging the use of low temperature heating systems and high temperature cooling systems ofbuildings. These systems can use a variety of fuels and renewable energy sources. Energy is used efficientlywhile providing a comfortable indoor climate. Exergy defines the quality of energy and is a concept fordesigning and assessing different heating and cooling systems. Application of exergy analysis into buildingshas not been common before.

Direct Ground Cooling: Influence of Ground Properties on the Ground Heat Exchanger Size

In this paper the thermal behaviour of a direct ground cooling system located in Milano, Italy, isstudied by means of dynamic simulations performed in the TRNSYS environment. The simulationmodel consists of a reference building equipped with radiant panels connected to a vertical groundheat exchanger. Room thermostats and chilled surface condensation sensors provide system control.The ground heat exchanger size is adjusted in order to provide summer comfort conditions in thebuilding as well as sustainable operation over a long period.

The solar roof of enercom, as an integrated energy solution

Actually and in the near future, due to the necessity of refrigeration, the need of thermal energy dissipation systems will be increased. One of the best element, is the cooling tower, but it has one mean inconvenient, what is the use of a fan. The use of the fan has the following misfortunes: waste of energy, noise, vibration and dissemination of Legionella, if it is present.

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