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energy consumption

EVALUATION OF THERMAL COMFORT AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN A ROOM WITH DIFFERENT HEATING SYSTEMS

Indoor thermal environment is much affected by characteristics of an equipped heating system. Suchthermal environmental factors as temperature, air velocity, radiant temperature and their distributionscan influence the thermal sensation and the energy consumption of a heating system.

ENERGY BENCHMARKS FOR VENTILATION SYSTEMS IN AIR-CONDITIONED OFFICES

Indoor environmental quality (IEQ), subjective satisfaction of occupants and energy conservation ofbuildings are usually determined separately. Since the energy crisis in 1973, engineers haveendeavored to implement energy conservation in buildings. Unfortunately, the effort resulted in energysavings without the fundamental delivery of indoor satisfaction in many cases. It is worthwhile todetermine a balance strategy between the potential energy saving and occupants satisfaction inworkplaces.

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF THE AUTOMATED BLIND IN SUMMER

Blinds are used widely in numerous buildings to conserve energy and provide for occupants’ comfort in the perimeter zone. But manual or motorized blinds are limited in their ability to reduce energy consumption because occupants must control blinds themse

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN KANSAI REGION, JAPAN

To examine present situation of energy consumption, an extensive survey was carried out as a projectof Architectural Institute of Japan (AIJ). More than 80 houses that were typical to the present Japanesehousing sector were chosen nationwide. As a part of this project, we measured the energyconsumption of 13 houses in Kansai region. The annual energy consumption in these13 houses rangesfrom 30 to 70 GJ from April 2003 to March 2004.

FIELD SURVEY ON THE ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN THE NIIGATA AREA

The purpose of this study is to investigate the actual conditions of the energy consumption of varioustypes of inhabited houses (e.g., wooden detached houses and condominiums) in the Niigata area. Afield survey was carried out from November 2002 to March 2005, and the energy consumption levelsfor the various uses were measured continuously. This paper describes the energy consumptions of alluses (e.g., electricity, oil, gas) in the house types.

Schools: All problem buildings?

Seven schools underwent an energy audit, evaluating the existing situation through measurement and simulation and looking to possible retrofit measures and their economic feasibility with the energy performance tool (EPB) as an instrument. The results are troubling. The seven schools audited are all problem buildings: hardly any insulation, windows quite air leaky, central heating systems poorly designed and no usage of an on purpose installed ventilation system.

Assessment of Quality of Built Environment. A Case Study in North of Italy

The paper describes results of a Preliminary Study for the Plan of Quality of Living (PSPQL) of a townin the hinterland of Milan, conducted by an interdisciplinary group of researchers, involving alsofacilitators, town councillors, administrators, technicians and citizens. Main aim of the work is theevaluation of the most sustainable actions to be taken for improving conditions of living. A bottom-upand participative approach has been followed.

ENERGY AUDITS IN DWELLING BUILDINGS IN LATVIA. DATA ANALYSIS

Experience of energy auditing of residential buildings in Latvia discovers problems with discrepancy of data measured and calculated. Analysis of dynamic changes of data presents factors, which influence results of energy audits and proposals for energy efficiency measure. Paper presents analysis of influence of solar radiation and modelling of solar factor for control of heat supply.

INTEGRATED SIMULATION OF HEAT DEMAND AND AIR EXCHANGE IN A MULTIFAMILY BUILDING

The paper presents the results of the measurements and integrated simulation of the energy demand and air exchange in one of the flats located in a 5-storey building located in urban area. The experiment was carried out during 3 weeks of March. The total energy consumption necessary for flat heating was measured continuously (at a 2 sec time step). After measurements were finished the energy demand and ventilating air flows were calculated assuming the same weather data variation as measured during the experiment, using the ESP-r software.

Evaluation of building energy consumption based on fuzzy logic and neural networks applications

The authors have created a Neural-Fuzzy Assistant which acts as a Decision Support System and helps to perform quickly and easily the estimations of office building energy consumption. The Neural-Fuzzy Assistant presented in this paper allows the user to determine the impact of eleven building parameters on the electrical annual and monthly energy consumption, annual and monthly maximum electrical demand and cooling and heating annual consumption and demand.

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