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Using building performance simulation to save residential space heating energy: A pilot testing

This paper describes a pilot study testing the applicability of using building performance simulation (BPS) to quantify the impact of 28 energy saving behaviour changes on the residential space heating demand, based on a mid-terraced house located in the southwest of England. The 28 behaviour change options were collected based on a combination of literature review and expert knowledge. DesignBuilder V3.2, whose thermal dynamic simulation engine is Energyplus 7.2, was used to predict the impact of each behaviour change option on the space heating demand of the case study house.

Analysis of life cycle energy consumption and environmental load of insulation design for residential buildings in China

Increasing insulation thickness may reduce the energy consumption and environmental load in building operation phase, but may also increase those in insulation production phase. Therefore, the life cycle energy consumption and environmental load of insulation design for a typical residential building were analyzed in this paper. Cases in four typical cities -Harbin, Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou- in four different climate zones in China were compared.

Total utility demand prediction based on probabilistically generated behavioral schedules of actural inhabitants

This paper describes a new methodology in calculating accurately the time series utility loads (energy, power, city water, hot water, etc.) in a dwelling. This calculation takes into account the behavioral variations of the dwelling inhabitants. The proposed method contains a procedure for cooling load calculations based on a series of Monte Carlo simulations where the HVAC on/off state and the indoor heat generation schedules are varied, time-step by time-step.

Sensor-based information modeling for life cycle commissioning of residential buildings

According to the National Institute of Building Science (2006), one of the main goals of building commissioning is to “maintain facility performance across its life cycle”. In recent years, the maturing of sensing technology has helped to advance this vision through sensor-assisted building commissioning.

Validation of the Probabilistic Methodology to Generate Actual Inhabitants’ Behavior Schedules for Accurate Prediction of Maximum Energy Requirement

A data set of myriad and time-varying inhabitant-behavior schedules with a 15-minute time resolution, generated by the authors in a previous study, is validated through a comparison analysis. We show three comparisons. The first and second compare the estimated demand with a time series of actual utility demand. The comparisons indicate that the generated data and its algorithm, described by the authors, have an appropriate robustness.

Prediction of Energy Efficiency and Thermal Environment of Residential Buildings Utilizing PEFC-CGS Combined Floor Heating System

The systematic numerical simulation program is developed to calculate the total energy efficiency of housing polymer electrolyte fuel cell co-generation system (PEFC-CGS) which is combined with hot water floor heating (HWFH). This simulation program can also predict actual building physics of heat transfer such as mutual radiant heat among interior surfaces and thermal strage relating with piping pitch of hot water and so on. The indoor temperature can be controlled by PMV (Predicted Mean Vote) to take account of thermal sensing affected radiant heat.

Air Leakage Tests for the requirements of the LEED in two high-rise residential buildings

Air leakage test was carried out according to ASTM E779-03, Standard Test Method for Determining Air Leakage Rate by Fan Pressurization to meet the requirements of the LEED-NC v2.2(EQp2). Air leakage tests for quality assurance can be performed once all work on the air barrier has been completed and all windows and doors have been installed in two high-rise residential buildings. Test units selection was carried out in accordance with the following guidance, California’s 2001 Energy Efficiency Standards.

Sensitivity Analysis of Parameters affecting Indoor Air Quality related to HCHO and TVOC Reduction

The objective of the study is to analyze the relative performance of factors affecting indoor air quality in multi-residential buildings in Korea. A study of the factors affecting indoor air quality is essential for establishing indoor air quality management strategies effectively. To observe the indoor air quality response following a modification of a given parameter sensitivity analysis was performed. The factors examined for the analysis include; wall+ceiling paper, adhesive for wall/ceiling paper, floor material, adhesive for floor material, and ventilation rate.

ASHRAE's new residential ventilation standard

The major concern for HVAC's professionals is the engineering of indoor environments, but health and safety must be a primary concern too. In so far as people spend nearly 90 % of their time indoors - mostly at home -, residential ventilation ought to have a large emphasis in ASHRAE. In this article, today's sources are examined (combustion, microbiologicals, radon and soil gas, particles, VOCs), then ASHRAE's residential ventilation standard requirements are listed.

Evaluation of flow capture techniques for measuring HVAC grille airflows

This paper discusses the accuracy of commercially available flow hoods for residential applications. Results of laboratory and field tests indicate these hoods can be inadequate to measure airflows in residential systems, and there can be large measurement discrepancies between different flow hoods. The errors are due to poor calibrations, sensitivity of the hoods to grille airflow non-uniformities, and flow changes from added flow resistance.

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