AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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Optimal window opening based on natural ventilation measurements

From the energy point of view, buildings should be as tight as possible. But lack of ventilation will result in high level of indoor pollutants, which is harmful for occupants. Numerous studies find that lack of ventilation could cause symptoms for occupants, which are characterized by World Health Organization as Sick Building Syndrome.

Airflow Patterns through Single Hinged and Sliding Doors in Hospital Isolation Rooms

Door operation and the subsequent passage of occupants through the doorway can cause containment failures in hospital isolation rooms. Typically hinged doors are used between the isolation room and anteroom/corridor in healthcare facilities. However, sliding doors can reduce door induced airflows through the doorway and hence effectively reduce the contaminant outflow during the door operation.

Air Change Rate Measurements using Tracer Gas Carbon Dioxide from Dry Ice

Air change rate is often used as an important characteristic of indoor environmental quality, which significantly impacts human health. However, easy, effective, real-time and low-cost air change rate measurements in naturally ventilated resident buildings are still a huge challenge. This paper presents a method based on the release of a stable rate of the tracer gas CO2 given off by solid CO2 (dry ice) in an insulated box.  In theory, the dry ice will sublime at a constant rate as long as there is sufficient dry ice in the box.

ACH and airtightness test results in the Croatian and Hungarian border region

The article presents the results of our research, which was realized under a cooperation project between the University of Pécs, Hungary and the University of Osijek, Croatia. The aim was to gather 50 Pa ACH, air tightness and spontaneous ACH information of residential houses by the Croatian and Hungarian border. The budget of the project allowed approximately 50 tests for each university; these summarized results are presented together with correlations found between the results.  

Estimating the impact of incomplete tracer gas mixing on infiltration rate measurements

The mixing of a tracer gas with zonal air was compared between two zones in an unoccupied test building in both the horizontal and vertical direction. A constant injection of sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) tracer gas was released into each zone separately and its concentration was measured at different positions within the zone. Variations in concentration were observed for different horizontal positions in the southern zone indicating incomplete mixing.

Use of DCV for heating and the influence on IAQ in passive house buildings

Measurements were performed in a test room at SINTEF building and infrastructure, Oslo. The test room is 16 m2 and built according to NS-EN 442-2.  Measurements of various air flow rates (9 l/s, 18 l/s, 34 l/s and 50 l/s) and different supply air temperatures (2, 4, 6 and 10 degrees over room temperature) were performed. Tracer gas (SF6) measurements were performed to evaluate ventilation effectiveness and age of air in occupied zone.

Investigating Instantaneous Wind-Driven Infiltration Rates using the CO2 Concentration Decay Method

Carbon dioxide has already been recognized as a potential tracer gas for estimating the mean air exchange rates of a room or building. The wind direction and mean wind velocity have also been identified as critical factors that affect the air infiltration. In this paper, the indoor CO2 concentration has been logged at three specific points in an office room for seven selected measurement-periods. The decay method was used to estimate the infiltration rates (ac/h).

Uncertainties in Air Exchange using Continuous-Injection, Long-Term Sampling Tracer-Gas Methods

The PerFluorocarbon Tracer (PFT) method is a low-cost approach commonly used for measuring air exchange in buildings using tracer gases. It is a specific application of the more general Continuous-Injection, Long-Term Sampling (CILTS) method. The technique is widely used but there has been little work on understanding the uncertainties (both precision and bias) associated with its use, particularly given that it is typically deployed by untrained or lightly trained people to minimize experimental costs.

On investigating instantaneous wind-driven infiltration rates using CO2 decay method

Carbon dioxide has been already recognized as a potential tracer gas towards estimation of the mean air exchange rates (ACH) of a room or building. The wind direction and mean wind velocity have been also clarified as critical factors that affect the air infiltration. In this study, the indoor CO2 concentration is detected and logged at three specific points in an office room for seven selected measurement-periods. The decay method is used to estimate the leakage rates.

The measurement of air infiltration rates in large enclosures and buildings.

The report discusses the need for a proven method of measuring air infiltration rates in large enclosures in order to assess the need for and effectiveness of energy saving measures. The object of the research is to develop such a proven method. Some

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