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European Collaborative Action on Urban Air, Indoor Environment and Human Exposure

For more than 16 years now the European Collaborative Action ECA "Indoor Air Quality & it's Impact on Man" has been implementing a multidisciplinary collaboration of European scientists the ultimate goal of which was the provision of healthy and environmentally sustainable buildings. To accomplish this task ECA has dealt with all aspects of the indoor environment including thermal comfort, pollution sources, the quality and quantity of chemical and biological indoor pollutants, energy use, and the ventilation processes, which may all interact with indoor air quality. The work of ECA has been directed by a Steering Committee.

To provide a broader view on air pollution exposure in urban areas, both indoors and outdoors, in 1999 the ECA Steering Committee decided to put more emphasis on the links between indoor and outdoor air quality and to focus its further work under a new title "Urban Air, Indoor Environment and Human Exposure". The focus of the renewed activity is urban & indoor air pollution exposure assessment, seen as part of environmental health risk assessment and also considering the needs of urban and indoor air quality management. The new approach is hosted by and supporting the activities of the Joint Research Centre's Institute for Health & Consumer Protection in Ispra (Italy) dealing with Physical and Chemical Exposure.

 

For more than 16 years now the European Collaborative Action ECA "Indoor Air Quality & it's Impact on Man" has been implementing a multidisciplinary collaboration of European scientists the ultimate goal of which was the provision of healthy and environmentally sustainable buildings.

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This report describes a harmonised procedure for establishing a list of compounds and their associated LCI (Lowest Concentration of Interest) values for the evaluation of emissions from constructio

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Harmonisation of indoor products labelling schemes in the EU is an important aspect of the European Commission’s policy making process in the field of indoor air quality and associated health effec

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Hundreds of compounds have been measured in indoor air includingVOCs (volatile organic compounds), NOX (nitrogen oxides) and ozone (O3).

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Human exposure to environmental pollutants occurs via various pathways such as air, drinking water, food, and dermal contact.

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Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) and emissions from building materials have been over the last decades a major challenge for scientists, industry and consumers.

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The aim of this report is to provide information and advice to policy and decision makers, researchers, architects, designers, and manufacturers on strategies for achieving a good balance between g

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energy needs | indoor air quality

People will never live in a risk free environment. Still we must aim at minimizing all risks and most importantly risks that are imposed on without their consent or even knowledge.

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Eighteen laboratories from 10 European countries participated in a comparison organized in the frame of the project VOCEM, a 2.5 year research collaboration among 4 research institutes and 4 indust

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This report presents background to and advice on methodologies for sensory evaluation of indoor air quality (IAQ).

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The amount of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in indoor air, usually called TVOC (Total volatile organic compounds), has been measured using different definitions and techniques which yield diffe

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This report outlines the principles of a general evaluation procedure for emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from building materials with respect to their potential effects on health an

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This report provides information and advice to policy and decision makers, researchers, architects, designers, and manufacturers on (i) strategies for achieving a satisfactory balance between good

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energy use | indoor air quality | occupant behaviour

The results of the first interlaboratory comparison, carried out in 1991-92 in the framework of the European collaborative Action "Indoor Air Quality and Its Impact on Man", showed unacceptable int

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In an attempt to overcome the increasing difficulty of having concise essential information on important indoor pollutants at hand, the European Collaborative Action 'Indoor Air Quality and Its Imp

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Strategies for sampling chemical substances in indoor air have been discussed in a previous report in this series (Report No 6).

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An interlaboratory comparison using three materials has been organized to assess the agreement among laboratories undertaking tests to characterize the emission of volatile organic compounds from i

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This report is concerned with the strategy and methodology for investigating four major categories of biological particles in the indoor air of private houses, non-industrial workplaces and public

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biological pollutant | health | particle

These Guidelines recommend the ventilation required to obtain a desired indoor air quality in a space. The first step is to decide the air quality aimed for in the ventilated space.

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ventilation requirements | ventilation effectiveness | ventilation rate | health | human comfort | indoor air quality

The report contains a summary discussion of human health effects linked to indoor air pollution (IAP) in homes and other non-industrial indoor environments.

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health | indoor air quality | residential building

This report gives short descriptions of 325 research projects and investigations originating from 14 European countries and the Joint Research Centre aimed at understanding causes and/or effects of

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The report describes procedures for determining emissions of volatile organic com- pounds from indoor materials and products using small environmental test chambers.

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The report summarizes information on indoor pollution by formaldehyde (HCHO) in European countries participating in the concerted action "Indoor Air Quality and Its Impact on Man" (COST project 613

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formaldehyde | health | indoor air quality | standard

The document addresses the questions when, for what period of time, how often and where samples should be taken for the in-field analysis of chemical compounds in indoor air.

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Information on the projects is contained on formatted sheets three of which are accommodated on each page. The projects of each country are grouped together.

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The report aims at giving a guide to those facing the problem of "sick building syndrome".

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The report summarizes information on indoor pollution by nitrogen dioxide (NO2) In European countries participating in the concerted action "Indoor Air Quality and Its Impact on Man" (COST project

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health | indoor air quality | nitrogen dioxide | standard

This guideline has been prepared by a working group of the concerted action "Indoor Air Quality and Its Impact on Man" (COST project 613) and describes a method for the determination of formaldehyd

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Considering the likelihood of contributions of various indoor air pollutants to detrimental health effects, the Community-COST Concertation Committee of the Concerted Action "Indoor Air Quality and

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health | radon