AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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Health, energy and productivity in schools: overview of the research program

A research program has been initiated to focus on obtaining quantitative data in existing elementary schools through a longitudinal study with controls, interventions, and cross-sectional components. The overall objective of this program is to quantify the effects of simultaneous control of indoor exposures (i.e., thermal, indoor air quality or IAQ, lighting, and acoustics) on specific measures of human response, student and teacher performance, and productivity. The pilot study is being conducted in six elementary schools in Montgomery County Maryland.

Effects of contaminated supply air filters on symptoms from the eyes and nose - a double-blind experimental study

In buildings with mechanical ventilation, particles accumulate in the supply air filters. We conducted a field experiment in a school to investigate if such pollutants could affect the health of the pupils. In a school building we changed old and new supply air filters in the air handling units, with a cross over design of the study. Pupils answered a symptom questionnaire, and a subset of pupils was also examined by objective clinical methods.

The relationship between humidity and indoor air quality in schools

Indoor air quality differences were investigated among five schools with and five schools without active humidity control systems. The active humidity systems provided approximately 15 cfm/person of ventilation air, while the schools without the active humidity control systems averaged less than five cfm/person. The space humidity levels in varying widely without active humidity control, and rose to unacceptable levels during summer shut-down periods.

Lung function and symptoms in damp and mouldy buildings

Irritative and respiratory symptoms are reported from people working or living in damp and mouldy buildings, but signs of pulmonary involvement have not yet been found. We studied 522 teachers working in 15 primary schools with various degrees of dampness and mould growth. Symptoms, spirometry, CO-diffusion, and bronchial challenge was compared to classification of dampness and mould growth in or outside classrooms.

Improving indoor air quality in schools by utilizing displacement ventilation

The study conducted by the US Government Accounting Office in 1995 says that 25 % of the nation’s schools are plagued by IAQ problems, even higher percentage of schools having IAQ problems is reported by the Environmental Protection Agency (Johnston and D

Indoor air quality and energy efficiency in the design of building services systems for school classrooms

Efficient energy utilization and indoor air quality (IAQ) inside office premises and other public places have become issues of increasing concern in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). The Government of HKSAR has launched a territory wide consultation in 1999 on the proposed Indoor Air Quality Management Programme for offices and public places. This paper briefly introduces the proposed Indoor Air Quality Management Programme and its proposed target objectives.

Do indoor environments in schools influence students performance ? A review of the literature

The study is a review of 600 articles to determine if indoor environments does influence student performance at school. The study has been extended to other categories (laboratories, offices). No direct relationship has been statistically shown but results suggest a link between ventilation rate and performance, as well as for presence of carpets, pollens or low efficiency filtration.

Indoor air quality in schools : the impact of ventilation conditions and indoor activities

Physico-chemical and microbiological measurements (temperature, humidity, CO2, CO, VOC, bacteria and fungi) were performed on indoor air of three schools near Paris (France). Results of measurements are given and analysed. Indoor air quality is better with mechanical ventilation than in operable windows classrooms. TVOC concentrations are much higher indoors than outdoors.

Air quality and ventilation rates in schools in Poland - requirements, reality and possible improvements

Indoor environmental measurements (temperature, CO2, formaldehyde, TVOC) were operated in 28 classrooms in Warsaw (Poland). The classrooms were equipped with natural ventilation systems. Air change rates were calculated from CO2 concentrations. Results are compared with Polish regulation and international requirements and standards. The natural ventilation systems applied in all schools do not ensure proper ventilation rate.

Energy and indoor environmental quality in relocatable classrooms

Four relocatable classrooms were designed, constructed and tested in Californian schools to demonstrate technologies that improve energy efficiency and indoor environmental quality. First results such as CO2 and particle concentrations are presented and discussed.

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