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Airtightness of Buildings – Considerations regarding the Zero-Flow Pressure and the Weighted Line of Organic Correlation

Christophe Delmotte, 2017
Airtightness of buildings | zero-flow pressure | uncertainty | least-squares | line of organic correlation
Bibliographic info: 38th AIVC Conference "Ventilating healthy low-energy buildings", Nottingham, UK, 13-14 September 2017
Languages: English Pages (count): 10

This paper discusses two particular points of the buildings airtightness measurement method (ISO 9972) in relation with the calculation of the combined standard uncertainty: (1) the zero-flow pressure difference and (2) the weighted line of organic correlation.

The zero-flow pressure difference is measured at the start and the end of the test in order to calculate the change of pressure caused by the fan or blower door. Actually the zero-flow pressure difference fluctuates during the test in function of the wind and the temperature difference between inside and outside the building. One should therefore take this fluctuation into account in the uncertainty of the induced pressure difference. Theoretical developments are translated into a practical formula which could be applied in daily practice.

The air flow coefficient and air flow exponent are generally determined using an ordinary least squares regression technique (OLS). This is however not the most appropriate technique because there are uncertainties in both the measured air flow rates and the pressure differences. The paper shows how the weighted line of organic correlation (WLOC) could be used in order to take these uncertainties into account.

Applying both the uncertainty on the zero-flow pressure difference and the WLOC on a sample of measurements made under repeatability conditions has shown encouraging results regarding the reliability of combined standard uncertainties

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